Many seniors who are too sick or frail to live in their homes often think that the nursing homes are their only option either as their permanent residence or as a temporary facility during their recovery. However, many seniors who need nursing care would rather receive it in their own home while enjoying a familiar environment with their family and friends. Good thing there are community services and health care professionals who can provide him the home nursing care he needs. These professionals can come right to a senior’s home in Jobstown to deliver responsible care.
Home care generally refers to health care or support provided in the patient’s home, but this term is usually applied to non-medical care or custodian care provided by persons who are not licensed medical personnel. Family and friends, who are referred to as caregivers, primary caregiver or voluntary caregiver in this context, can also provide home care in Jobstown. Mostly, however, services are provided by agencies or independent providers.
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What You Need to Know About Home Care
As an increasing number of seniors choose to remain in their home rather than move into a senior living community, the demand for home care continues to rise. Also called "companion care", home care consists of non-medical services that allow an individual to receive assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs). In contrast, "home health care", consists of skilled nursing services that are provided in the home by licensed professionals such as nurses, physicians, and therapists.
Defining ADLs and IADLs
Activities of daily living generally include the following:
- Hygiene (brushing hair, brushing teeth, denture care, etc.)
- Toileting (including hygiene, use of incontinence products)
- Transferring (moving from bed to chair, walker to toilet, etc.)
Instrumental activities of daily living generally include the following:
- Light house-cleaning and upkeep
- Meal preparation
- Medication management
- Shopping for groceries or clothes
- Using the telephone to schedule appointments, etc.
- Managing money (balancing a checkbook, paying bills)
While Medicare does not cover home care, those eligible for Medicaid may receive financial assistance for services provided in the home. However, most home care agencies do not accept Medicaid and thus private pay is required. For veterans or spouses of veterans, Veteran's Aid and Attendance benefits may also be available. Visit http://www.veteranaid.org for general information about these benefits and the eligibility requirements.
A Caveat Regarding Home Care
It is highly advised to arrange for home care services through a reputable agency that is licensed, bonded and insured. Caregivers that advertise independently through newspapers or other means may not have the qualifications required of employees at agencies. By going through an agency, you're ensured that the caregiver has gone through a state and/or nationwide background check and has completed formal training requirements.
What Types of Home Care Services Are There?
Making the choice between a nursing home or caring for an elderly family member at home can be a very difficult decision to make. There are several factors that can influence whether one alternative is better than the other. It is important to remember that whatever you decide that it is done with the person's best interest in mind. Their personal safety, well being, and overall happiness should be what is taken into consideration with the most priority.
If you are torn between deciding whether an assisted living facility or if caring for the person at home is the best choice, here are some important things to consider to help you narrow down the overwhelming options:
Cost Factors: Cost is a very influential factor for many. Nursing home costs can be very expensive, many charging over one hundred dollars per day. However, the cost alone should not be a reason to completely disregard the possibility. There are many different programs available to help finance the transition. If the person owns his or her own home or has other assets, these assets can be used to pay for the assisted living facility care. Remember that there may also be costs associated with taking care of the person at home, such as lost wages from taking time off from work, hiring a nurse, making modifications to the property, as well as the costs of any medical equipment.
As you can see, there are many different factors to consider when deciding which type of care is best for your loved one. Ultimately, the most important things to remember is that your loved one gets the care he or she needs and deserves and provides a safe and comfortable environment to live in.