Many seniors who are too sick or frail to live in their homes often think that the nursing homes are their only option either as their permanent residence or as a temporary facility during their recovery. However, many seniors who need nursing care would rather receive it in their own home while enjoying a familiar environment with their family and friends. Good thing there are community services and health care professionals who can provide him the home nursing care he needs. These professionals can come right to a senior’s home in Birmingham to deliver responsible care.
Home care generally refers to health care or support provided in the patient’s home, but this term is usually applied to non-medical care or custodian care provided by persons who are not licensed medical personnel. Family and friends, who are referred to as caregivers, primary caregiver or voluntary caregiver in this context, can also provide home care in Birmingham. Mostly, however, services are provided by agencies or independent providers.
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A wide-range of services are available for seniors choosing to receive rehabilitative home care. Senior home care is the preferred option for medical services following a lengthy hospital stay. This option helps the family care for aging loved ones, while also helping the patient remain comfortable and independent.
Many patients and the family are opting to utilize the services of home care professionals as opposed to long- term residential facilities. Although nursing or assistant living facilities offer round-the-clock care, they are generally considered for emergency and unplanned situations. Long-term care does not offer the comforts of senior home services in relation to individualized attention and treatment options. More so, residential facilities are less affordable or fail to implement patient-focused principles.
Senior home healthcare has reached growing public demands, which suggest that patients are more comfortable in their own homes. Successful home healthcare not only provides ongoing security for the patient, it guarantees support and peace of mind for the caregivers. The prospective in-home provider empowers the patient and family to be involved in the initiating of customized goals as well as in the quality of care.
The skilled nurses conduct and coordinate the direct medical care of patients. They perform services, such as monitoring vital signs, administering medications, applying wound dressings, diet management, IV infusions and injections. The health aides assist with daily living activities, to include personal hygiene, meal preparation, light housekeeping, and companionship.
Disabled and chronically ill seniors prefer to receive health care in the home because of its distinguished benefits. While long- term care offers the same services, they are often costly and suffocating. Senior home care is reliable and compassionate; thereby offering a variety of services at an affordable price.
Home Care Overview
What You Need to Know About Home Care
As an increasing number of seniors choose to remain in their home rather than move into a senior living community, the demand for home care continues to rise. Also called "companion care", home care consists of non-medical services that allow an individual to receive assistance with Activities of Daily Living (ADLs) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADLs). In contrast, "home health care", consists of skilled nursing services that are provided in the home by licensed professionals such as nurses, physicians, and therapists.
Defining ADLs and IADLs
Activities of daily living generally include the following:
- Hygiene (brushing hair, brushing teeth, denture care, etc.)
- Toileting (including hygiene, use of incontinence products)
- Transferring (moving from bed to chair, walker to toilet, etc.)
Instrumental activities of daily living generally include the following:
- Light house-cleaning and upkeep
- Meal preparation
- Medication management
- Shopping for groceries or clothes
- Using the telephone to schedule appointments, etc.
- Managing money (balancing a checkbook, paying bills)
While Medicare does not cover home care, those eligible for Medicaid may receive financial assistance for services provided in the home. However, most home care agencies do not accept Medicaid and thus private pay is required. For veterans or spouses of veterans, Veteran's Aid and Attendance benefits may also be available. Visit http://www.veteranaid.org for general information about these benefits and the eligibility requirements.
A Caveat Regarding Home Care
It is highly advised to arrange for home care services through a reputable agency that is licensed, bonded and insured. Caregivers that advertise independently through newspapers or other means may not have the qualifications required of employees at agencies. By going through an agency, you're ensured that the caregiver has gone through a state and/or nationwide background check and has completed formal training requirements.